The letter mim

The letter mim is a part of the Arabic alphabet. Here you will learn how to pronounce and write mim.

How mim is pronounced

The Arabic letter mim is pronounced m just like in English.

In the phonetic alphabet, the pronunciation of mim is written [m]. On this website, I write the pronunciation m.

How mim is written

The letter mim has four shapes: isolated, initial, medial and final.

finalmedialinitialisolerad
ـﻢـﻤـﻣـ

Which of the shapes to use depends on the letter's position in the word and surrounding letters. Do not forget that Arabic is written from right to left.

The letter mim is dual joining. That means that it wants to connect to both right and left. If there is a letter before, that also is dual joining, then mim will connect with it. If there is a letter after, then mim will connect with it. How to write with Arabic dual joining letters.

mim isolerad form

This is how the Arabic letter mim is written in its isolerad form:

This form is used in the following situations:

mim alone

When mim stands by itself, the isolated form is used.

mim in the end after right joining letter

When mim is the last letter of a word and comes after a right joining letter, the isolated form is used. It is free to the right since the letter before it does not connect to the left. It is also free to the left since there is no letter after.

mim initial form

This is how the Arabic letter mim is written in its initial form:

ﻣـ

This form is used in the following situations:

mim in the beginning of words

When mim is the first letter of a word, the initial form is used. It is free to the right and has a tail to the left to connect with the letter after it.

mim in the middle after right joining letter

When mim is in the middle of a word and follows a right joining letter, the initial form is used. It is free to the right since the letter before it does not connect to the left, and it has a tail to the left to connect with the letter after.

mim medial form

This is how the Arabic letter mim is written in its medial form:

ـﻤـ

This form is used in the following situation:

mim in the middle of words

When mim is in the middle of a word, e.g. when mim is neither the first nor the last letter, the medial form is often used. It has tails in both directions to connect with both the letter before it and the letter after it.

mim final form

This is how the Arabic letter mim is written in its final form:

ـﻢ

This form is used in the following situation:

mim in the end of words

When mim is the last letter of a word, the final form is often used. It has a tail to the right to connect with the letter before it, and it is free to the left since there is no letter after.

Conclusion: how mim is written

The letter mim has four forms.
The isolated form is used when mim stands by itself and in the end of words (after a right joining letter). In other words: When there is no letter before that wants to connect and there is no letter after.
The initial form ﻣـ is used in the beginning of words and in the middle of words (if the letter before is right joining). In other words: When there is no letter before that wants to connect and there is a letter after.
The medial form ـﻤـ is used in the middle of words (if the letter before is not right joining). In other words: When there is a letter before that wants to connect and there is a letter after.
The final form ـﻢ is used in the end of words (if the letter before is not right joining). In other words: When there is a letter before that wants to connect and there is no letter after.

That's it!
The rules you have learned can be applied to all Arabic dual joining letters, which is most of them.

mim is a moon letter

You get the definite form of a word by putting the definite article al in front of it.

اَل

The Arabic letter mim is a moon letter. That means that the definite article is pronounced al and nothing else. The letters that are not moon letters are called sun letters, and they are assimilated with the definite article al.

For example the Arabic word for disease is pronounced maraD and written ﻣَﺮَﺽ. In definite form, it is pronounced almaraD and written اَل‍ﻣَﺮَﺽ.

Read more about definite form

All letters