thal

ذ

The Arabic letter thal has two different forms.

finalisolated
ـذذ

In the isolated form, the letter thal is not joined with any other letter.

ذ

When you show the letter thal on its own, you use the isolated form.

When thal is the first letter of a word, the isolated form is also used.

tail
dhayl
ذَيل
chin
dhaqn
ذَقن
gold
dhahab
ذَهَب

In the final form, the letter thal is joined to the right.

ـذ

When thal is the last letter of a word, you use the final form in most cases.


When thal is not the first and not the last but somewhere in the middle of a word, the final form is also used in most cases.

careful
Hadhir
حَذِر
root
jidhr
جِذر
dirty
qadhir
قَذِر

Let's talk about the concept of joining. Arabic letters are not generally written one by one. Instead, the letters in a word are joined together like handwriting. This makes the writing quite beautiful.

Most letters in the Arabic alphabet are dual joining. This means that they want to join both with the letter before and the letter after. But the letter thal and some other letters, are right joining.

Right joining means that the letter only wants to join with the letter to the right (which is the letter before, since Arabic is writen from right to left).

When the letter thal comes after a letter that is also right joining, you always use the isolated form.

ذ

Therefore: when thal is the last letter of a word, and follows a right joining letter, you use the isolated form.


Therefore: when thal is in the middle of a word, and follows a right joining letter, you use the isolated form.

Now you know that:

The rules you just learned can be applied to all Arabic letters with right joining.

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