The letter shin

The letter shin is a part of the the Arabic alphabet. Here you will learn how to pronounce and write shin.

How shin is pronounced

Wouldn't it smart and practical if there were a certain letter for the sh sound? There is! The Arabic letter shin is pronounced sh as in the English word 'sheep'.

In the phonetic alphabet, the pronunciation of shin is written [ʃ]. On this website, I write the pronunciation sh.

How shin is written

The letter shin has four shapes: isolated, initial, medial and final.

finalmedialinitialisolerad
ـﺶـﺸـﺷـ

Which of the shapes to use depends on the letter's position in the word and surrounding letters. Do not forget that Arabic is written from right to left.

The letter shin is dual joining. That means that it wants to connect to both right and left. If there is a letter before, that also is dual joining, then shin will connect with it. If there is a letter after, then shin will connect with it. How to write with Arabic dual joining letters.

shin isolerad form

This is how the Arabic letter shin is written in its isolerad form:

This form is used in the following situations:

shin alone

When shin stands by itself, the isolated form is used.

shin in the end after right joining letter

When shin is the last letter of a word and comes after a right joining letter, the isolated form is used. It is free to the right since the letter before it does not connect to the left. It is also free to the left since there is no letter after.

shin initial form

This is how the Arabic letter shin is written in its initial form:

ﺷـ

This form is used in the following situations:

shin in the beginning of words

When shin is the first letter of a word, the initial form is used. It is free to the right and has a tail to the left to connect with the letter after it.

shin in the middle after right joining letter

When shin is in the middle of a word and follows a right joining letter, the initial form is used. It is free to the right since the letter before it does not connect to the left, and it has a tail to the left to connect with the letter after.

shin medial form

This is how the Arabic letter shin is written in its medial form:

ـﺸـ

This form is used in the following situation:

shin in the middle of words

When shin is in the middle of a word, e.g. when shin is neither the first nor the last letter, the medial form is often used. It has tails in both directions to connect with both the letter before it and the letter after it.

shin final form

This is how the Arabic letter shin is written in its final form:

ـﺶ

This form is used in the following situation:

shin in the end of words

When shin is the last letter of a word, the final form is often used. It has a tail to the right to connect with the letter before it, and it is free to the left since there is no letter after.

Conclusion: how shin is written

The letter shin has four forms.
The isolated form is used when shin stands by itself and in the end of words (after a right joining letter). In other words: When there is no letter before that wants to connect and there is no letter after.
The initial form ﺷـ is used in the beginning of words and in the middle of words (if the letter before is right joining). In other words: When there is no letter before that wants to connect and there is a letter after.
The medial form ـﺸـ is used in the middle of words (if the letter before is not right joining). In other words: When there is a letter before that wants to connect and there is a letter after.
The final form ـﺶ is used in the end of words (if the letter before is not right joining). In other words: When there is a letter before that wants to connect and there is no letter after.

That's it!
The rules you have learned can be applied to all Arabic dual joining letters, which is most of them.

shin is a sun letter

You get the definite form of a word by putting the definite article al in front of it.

اَل

The Arabic letter shin is a sun letter. That means that the l in al is assimilated with shin and thereby pronounced as sh In other words: The definite article for words that start with shin is pronounced ash, and not al.

For example the Arabic word for activity, work is pronounced shughl and written ﺷُﻐﻞ. In definite form, it is pronounced ashshughl and written اَل‍ﺷُﻐﻞ.

Read more about definite form

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