Ha

ح

The Arabic letter Ha can appear in four different forms: isolated, initial, medial and final.

finalmedialinitialisolated
ـحـحـحـح

When you show the letter on its own, you use the isolated form.

ح

When the letter is the first letter of a word, you use the initial form.

حـ

For example these words:

sorrow
Huzn
حُزن
solution
Hall
حَلّ
referee
Hakam
حَكَم

When the letter is not the first and not the last but somewhere in the middle of a word, you use the medial form in most cases.

ـحـ

For example these words:

side
naHw
نَحو
sea
baHr
بَحر
plate
SaHn
صَحن

When the letter is the last letter of a word, you use the final form in most cases.

ـح

For example these words:

wheat
qamH
قَمح
insolent
waqiH
وَقِح
salt
milH
مِلح

Now you know that:

In most cases...
Let us look at the other cases!

The letter Ha has dual joining, like most Arabic letters. It wants to join with both the letter before it and the letter after it.
But some letters has right joining. They only want to join with the letter before it (which is the letter to the right since Arabic is written from right to left).

When the letter is in the middle of a word, and follows a right joining letter, you use the initial form.

حـ
monster
waHash
وَحَش
only
waHd
وَحد

When the letter is the last letter of a word, and follows a right joining letter, you use the isolated form.

ح
happiness
faraH
فَرَح
wound
jurH
جُرح
spirit
ruuH
رُوح

Now you know that:

That's it!
The rules you just learned can be applied to all Arabic letters with dual joining, which is most of them.

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