The letter Ha

The letter Ha is a part of the Arabic alphabet. Here you will learn how to pronounce and write Ha.

How Ha is pronounced

The are two h letters in Arabic. A normal h and this Arabic H. For clarity, I write the pronunciation of this Arabic one with capital H.
If you are thirsty and take a sip of a refreshing beverage, you might breathe out with a sighing 'hhh'. That is the sound of this H. If you hold your hand in front of you mouth and pronounce this letter H, you should feel the puff of breath on your palm.
Wikander* desribes H as 'a sort of hissing, hoarse h sound that you produce by creating friction in the phraynx. One can percieve it as a common h that is pronounced in hoarsely in a hoarsely way'

In the phonetic alphabet, the pronunciation of Ha is written [ħ]. On this website, I write the pronunciation H.

* Source: The book Ett hav i mäktig rörelse by Ola Wikander.

How Ha is written

The letter Ha has four shapes: isolated, initial, medial and final.

finalmedialinitialisolerad
ـﺢـﺤـﺣـ

Which of the shapes to use depends on the letter's position in the word and surrounding letters. Do not forget that Arabic is written from right to left.

The letter Ha is dual joining. That means that it wants to connect to both right and left. If there is a letter before, that also is dual joining, then Ha will connect with it. If there is a letter after, then Ha will connect with it. How to write with Arabic dual joining letters.

Ha isolerad form

This is how the Arabic letter Ha is written in its isolerad form:

This form is used in the following situations:

Ha alone

When Ha stands by itself, the isolated form is used.

Ha in the end after right joining letter

When Ha is the last letter of a word and comes after a right joining letter, the isolated form is used. It is free to the right since the letter before it does not connect to the left. It is also free to the left since there is no letter after.

Ha initial form

This is how the Arabic letter Ha is written in its initial form:

ﺣـ

This form is used in the following situations:

Ha in the beginning of words

When Ha is the first letter of a word, the initial form is used. It is free to the right and has a tail to the left to connect with the letter after it.

Ha in the middle after right joining letter

When Ha is in the middle of a word and follows a right joining letter, the initial form is used. It is free to the right since the letter before it does not connect to the left, and it has a tail to the left to connect with the letter after.

Ha medial form

This is how the Arabic letter Ha is written in its medial form:

ـﺤـ

This form is used in the following situation:

Ha in the middle of words

When Ha is in the middle of a word, e.g. when Ha is neither the first nor the last letter, the medial form is often used. It has tails in both directions to connect with both the letter before it and the letter after it.

Ha final form

This is how the Arabic letter Ha is written in its final form:

ـﺢ

This form is used in the following situation:

Ha in the end of words

When Ha is the last letter of a word, the final form is often used. It has a tail to the right to connect with the letter before it, and it is free to the left since there is no letter after.

Conclusion: how Ha is written

The letter Ha has four forms.
The isolated form is used when Ha stands by itself and in the end of words (after a right joining letter). In other words: When there is no letter before that wants to connect and there is no letter after.
The initial form ﺣـ is used in the beginning of words and in the middle of words (if the letter before is right joining). In other words: When there is no letter before that wants to connect and there is a letter after.
The medial form ـﺤـ is used in the middle of words (if the letter before is not right joining). In other words: When there is a letter before that wants to connect and there is a letter after.
The final form ـﺢ is used in the end of words (if the letter before is not right joining). In other words: When there is a letter before that wants to connect and there is no letter after.

That's it!
The rules you have learned can be applied to all Arabic dual joining letters, which is most of them.

Ha is a moon letter

You get the definite form of a word by putting the definite article al in front of it.

اَل

The Arabic letter Ha is a moon letter. That means that the definite article is pronounced al and nothing else. The letters that are not moon letters are called sun letters, and they are assimilated with the definite article al.

For example the Arabic word for field is pronounced Haql and written ﺣَﻘﻞ. In definite form, it is pronounced alHaql and written اَل‍ﺣَﻘﻞ.

Read more about definite form

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