The letter jim

The letter jim is a part of the Arabic alphabet. Here you will learn how to pronounce and write jim.

How jim is pronounced

The Arabic letter jim is pronounced j like the English j, for example in the word 'jump'.

In the phonetic alphabet, the pronunciation of jim is written [dʒ]. On this website, I write the pronunciation j.

How jim is written

The letter jim has four shapes: isolated, initial, medial and final.

finalmedialinitialisolerad
ـﺞـﺠـﺟـ

Which of the shapes to use depends on the letter's position in the word and surrounding letters. Do not forget that Arabic is written from right to left.

The letter jim is dual joining. That means that it wants to connect to both right and left. If there is a letter before, that also is dual joining, then jim will connect with it. If there is a letter after, then jim will connect with it. How to write with Arabic dual joining letters.

jim isolerad form

This is how the Arabic letter jim is written in its isolerad form:

This form is used in the following situations:

jim alone

When jim stands by itself, the isolated form is used.

jim in the end after right joining letter

When jim is the last letter of a word and comes after a right joining letter, the isolated form is used. It is free to the right since the letter before it does not connect to the left. It is also free to the left since there is no letter after.

jim initial form

This is how the Arabic letter jim is written in its initial form:

ﺟـ

This form is used in the following situations:

jim in the beginning of words

When jim is the first letter of a word, the initial form is used. It is free to the right and has a tail to the left to connect with the letter after it.

jim in the middle after right joining letter

When jim is in the middle of a word and follows a right joining letter, the initial form is used. It is free to the right since the letter before it does not connect to the left, and it has a tail to the left to connect with the letter after.

jim medial form

This is how the Arabic letter jim is written in its medial form:

ـﺠـ

This form is used in the following situation:

jim in the middle of words

When jim is in the middle of a word, e.g. when jim is neither the first nor the last letter, the medial form is often used. It has tails in both directions to connect with both the letter before it and the letter after it.

jim final form

This is how the Arabic letter jim is written in its final form:

ـﺞ

This form is used in the following situation:

jim in the end of words

When jim is the last letter of a word, the final form is often used. It has a tail to the right to connect with the letter before it, and it is free to the left since there is no letter after.

Conclusion: how jim is written

The letter jim has four forms.
The isolated form is used when jim stands by itself and in the end of words (after a right joining letter). In other words: When there is no letter before that wants to connect and there is no letter after.
The initial form ﺟـ is used in the beginning of words and in the middle of words (if the letter before is right joining). In other words: When there is no letter before that wants to connect and there is a letter after.
The medial form ـﺠـ is used in the middle of words (if the letter before is not right joining). In other words: When there is a letter before that wants to connect and there is a letter after.
The final form ـﺞ is used in the end of words (if the letter before is not right joining). In other words: When there is a letter before that wants to connect and there is no letter after.

That's it!
The rules you have learned can be applied to all Arabic dual joining letters, which is most of them.

jim is a moon letter

You get the definite form of a word by putting the definite article al in front of it.

اَل

The Arabic letter jim is a moon letter. That means that the definite article is pronounced al and nothing else. The letters that are not moon letters are called sun letters, and they are assimilated with the definite article al.

For example the Arabic word for camel is pronounced jamal and written ﺟَﻤَﻞ. In definite form, it is pronounced aljamal and written اَل‍ﺟَﻤَﻞ.

Read more about definite form

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