Arabic for know

3arafa
ﻋَﺮَﻑَ
know – past tense he
ya3rifu
ﻳَﻌﺮِﻑُ
know – present tense he

The Arabic verb for know is written ﻋَﺮَﻑَ and pronunced 3arafa in its basic form (past tense masculinum singular). In present tense, the verb is written ﻳَﻌﺮِﻑُ och and pronounced ya3rifu. See more conjugations

Part of speech: verb. Pattern: verb

Using the word know

Important letters:
The root of the word know consists of the three Arabic letters ayn that is written ﻉ and pronounced 3, ra that is written ﺭ and pronounced r och fa that is written ﻑ and pronounced f. Words with the same root letters are often related.

Words related to know

All letters in know

ﻋَﺮَﻑَ
ﻋـ
ـﺮ
 
ﻋـ
ـﺮ
 
ﻋـ
ـﻌـ
ـﻊ
ـﺮ
ﻓـ
ـﻔـ
ـﻒ
 
ayn
3
ra
r
fa
f
 
 
The Arabic word for know consists of: The letter ayn that is written ﻉ ( here ﻋـ ) and pronounced 3 and is a part of the root of the word. The short vowel a that is written as the sign َ above the letter. The letter ra that is written ﺭ ( here ـﺮ ) and pronounced r and is a part of the root of the word. The short vowel a that is written as the sign َ above the letter. The letter fa that is written ﻑ and pronounced f and is a part of the root of the word. The short vowel a that is written as the sign َ above the letter. Therefore, the word is writen ﻋَﺮَﻑَ and pronounced 3arafa.
Arabic is written from right to left. Short vowels are placed above or under the letters, the are usually omitted.
Learn how to write with Arabic letters

The pattern for know

fa3ala becomes 3arafa

We have seen that the Arabic word for know is written ﻋَﺮَﻑَ and pronounced 3arafa. It follows the pattern verb form 1. All Arabic words with this pattern has the structure fa3ala where f, 3 and l is replaced with the root letters of the word.
Since the pattern is fa3ala and the root letters are 3, r and f, the word becomes 3arafa.
All Arabic words with the same pattern follow the same structure. If you know the pattern and root of a word, you can often guess its meaning. Learn more about Arabic word patterns

Words with the same pattern as know

Conjugations of know

past tense
present tense
he
3arafa
ﻋَﺮَﻑَ
he - past tense
ya3rifu
ﻳَﻌﺮِﻑُ
he - present tense
she
3arafat
ﻋَﺮَﻓَﺖ
she - past tense
ta3rifu
ﺗَﻌﺮِﻑُ
she - present tense
I
3araftu
ﻋَﺮَﻓﺖُ
I - past tense
'a3rifu
ﺃَﻋﺮِﻑُ
I - present tense