Arabic for surprise

3ajjaba
ﻋَﺠَّﺐَ
surprise – past tense he
yu3ajjibu
ﻳُﻌَﺠِّﺐُ
surprise – present tense he

The Arabic verb for surprise is written ﻋَﺠَّﺐَ and pronunced 3ajjaba in its basic form (past tense masculinum singular). In present tense, the verb is written ﻳُﻌَﺠِّﺐُ och and pronounced yu3ajjibu. See more conjugations

About the audio files
Part of speech: verb. Pattern: verb
Important letters:
The root of the word surprise consists of the three Arabic letters ayn that is written ﻉ and pronounced 3, jim that is written ﺝ and pronounced j och beh that is written ﺏ and pronounced b. Words with the same root letters are often related.

Words related to surprise

All letters in surprise

ﻋَﺠَّﺐَ
ﻋـ
ـﺠـ
ـﺐ
 
ﻋـ
ـﺠـ
ـﺐ
 
ﻋـ
ـﻌـ
ـﻊ
ﺟـ
ـﺠـ
ـﺞ
ﺑـ
ـﺒـ
ـﺐ
 
ayn
3
jim
j
beh
b
 
 
The Arabic word for surprise consists of: The letter ayn that is written ﻉ ( here ﻋـ ) and pronounced 3 and is a part of the root of the word. The short vowel a that is written as the sign َ above the letter. The letter jim that is written ﺝ ( here ـﺠـ ) and pronounced j and is a part of the root of the word. The short vowel a that is written as the sign َ above the letter. The letter beh that is written ﺏ ( here ـﺐ ) and pronounced b and is a part of the root of the word. The short vowel a that is written as the sign َ above the letter. Therefore, the word is writen ﻋَﺠَّﺐَ and pronounced 3ajjaba.
Arabic is written from right to left. Short vowels are placed above or under the letters, the are usually omitted.
Learn how to write with Arabic letters

The pattern for surprise

fa33ala becomes 3ajjaba

We have seen that the Arabic word for surprise is written ﻋَﺠَّﺐَ and pronounced 3ajjaba. It follows the pattern verb form 2. All Arabic words with this pattern has the structure fa33ala where f, 3 and l is replaced with the root letters of the word.
Since the pattern is fa33ala and the root letters are 3, j and b, the word becomes 3ajjaba.
All Arabic words with the same pattern follow the same structure. If you know the pattern and root of a word, you can often guess its meaning. Learn more about Arabic word patterns

Conjugations of surprise

past tense
present tense
he
3ajjaba
ﻋَﺠَّﺐَ
he - past tense
yu3ajjibu
ﻳُﻌَﺠِّﺐُ
he - present tense
she
3ajjabat
ﻋَﺠَّﺒَﺖ
she - past tense
tu3ajjibu
ﺗُﻌَﺠِّﺐُ
she - present tense
I
3ajjabtu
ﻋَﺠَّﺒﺖُ
I - past tense
'u3ajjibu
ﺃُﻋَﺠِّﺐُ
I - present tense