Arabic for decay, infect

3affana
ﻋَﻔَّﻦَ
decay, infect – past tense he
yu3affinu
ﻳُﻌَﻔِّﻦُ
decay, infect – present tense he

The Arabic verb for decay, infect is written ﻋَﻔَّﻦَ and pronunced 3affana in its basic form (past tense masculinum singular). In present tense, the verb is written ﻳُﻌَﻔِّﻦُ and pronounced yu3affinu. See more conjugations

About the audio files
Part of speech: verb. Pattern: verb

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Important letters:
The root of the word decay, infect consists of three Arabic letters: ayn that is written and pronounced 3, fa that is written and pronounced f and nun that is written and pronounced n. Words with the same root letters are often related.

Words related to decay, infect

All letters in decay, infect

ﻋَﻔَّﻦَ
ﻋـ
ـﻔـ
ـﻦ
 
ﻋـ
ـﻔـ
ـﻦ
 
ﻋـ
ـﻌـ
ـﻊ
ﻓـ
ـﻔـ
ـﻒ
ﻧـ
ـﻨـ
ـﻦ
 
ayn
3
fa
f
nun
n
 
 
The Arabic word for decay, infect consists of: The letter ayn that is written ﻉ ( here ﻋـ ) and pronounced 3 and is a part of the root of the word. The short vowel a that is written as the sign َ above the letter. The letter fa that is written ﻑ ( here ـﻔـ ) and pronounced f and is a part of the root of the word. The short vowel a that is written as the sign َ above the letter. The letter nun that is written ﻥ ( here ـﻦ ) and pronounced n and is a part of the root of the word. The short vowel a that is written as the sign َ above the letter. Therefore, the word is writen ﻋَﻔَّﻦَ and pronounced 3affana.
Arabic is written from right to left. Short vowels are placed above or under the letters, the are usually omitted.
Learn how to write with Arabic letters

The pattern for decay, infect

fa33ala becomes 3affana

We have seen that the Arabic word for decay, infect is written ﻋَﻔَّﻦَ and pronounced 3affana. It follows the pattern verb form 2. All Arabic words with this pattern has the structure fa33ala where f, 3 and l is replaced with the root letters of the word.
Since the pattern is fa33ala and the root letters are 3, f and n, the word becomes 3affana.
All Arabic words with the same pattern follow the same structure. If you know the pattern and root of a word, you can often guess its meaning. Learn more about Arabic word patterns

Words with the same pattern as decay, infect

Conjugations of decay, infect

past tense
present tense
he
3affana
ﻋَﻔَّﻦَ
he - past tense
yu3affinu
ﻳُﻌَﻔِّﻦُ
he - present tense
she
3affanat
ﻋَﻔَّﻨَﺖ
she - past tense
tu3affinu
ﺗُﻌَﻔِّﻦُ
she - present tense
I
3affantu
ﻋَﻔَّﻨﺖُ
I - past tense
'u3affinu
ﺃُﻋَﻔِّﻦُ
I - present tense