he was engrossed in his work

The Arabic phrase he was engrossed in his work is pronounced al3amalu yashghalu 'afkaarahu biSuuratin taammatin and written ﺍَﻟﻌَﻤَﻞُ ﻳَﺸﻐَﻞُ ﺃَﻓﻜَﺎﺭَﻩُ ﺑِﺼُﻮﺭَﺓٍ ﺗَﺎﻣَّﺔٍ

The Arabic words in he was engrossed in his work

Below you can see detailed information about every word in the Arabic phrase he was engrossed in his work. You can see the English translation of the word, how the word is spelled and pronounced and how the word has been conjugated in the phrase. There is also a link to get even more information about the word.

work

ﺍَﻟﻌَﻤَﻞُ
Pronounciation: al3amalu
English translation (of the word in its basic form): work
Part of speech: noun
case: nominative
definiteness: definite form
gender: masculine
Nominative case is used for example to show the subject in a verbal sentence.

The base form of the word work

ﻋَﻤَﻞ
3amal
(singular, indefinite, no case)

to occupy

ﻳَﺸﻐَﻞُ
Pronounciation: yashghalu
English translation (of the word in its basic form): to occupy
Part of speech: verb
person: he
tense: present tense

The base form of the word to occupy

ﺷَﻐَﻞَ
shaghala
(past tense he)

idea

ﺃَﻓﻜَﺎﺭَﻩُ
Pronounciation: 'afkaarahu
English translation (of the word in its basic form): idea
Part of speech: noun
case: accusative
definiteness: definite form (beginning of an idafa contruction)
gender: feminine
broken plural
Accusative case has many usages. For example it is used for the object in a verbal sentence. It is also used for predicative to incomplete verbs like kaana.

The base form of the word idea

ﻓِﻜﺮَﺓ
fikra
(singular, indefinite, no case)
Suffix
ْﻪُ
hu
his
The suffix forms an idafa construction with the word.

by, with

ﺏِ
Pronounciation: bi
English translation: by, with
Part of speech: preposition
Words that come after prepositions have genitive case
Attached to the word that follows.

picture

ﺻُﻮﺭَﺓٍ
Pronounciation: Suuratin
English translation (of the word in its basic form): picture
Part of speech: noun
case: genetive
definiteness: indefinite form
gender: feminine
The word has genitive case since it is the owner of an an idafa contruction)

The base form of the word picture

ﺻُﻮﺭَﺓ
Suura
(singular, indefinite, no case)
ﺗَﺎﻣَّﺔٍ
Pronounciation: taammatin

Type of phrase: Sentences

A complete sentence. The sentence has a verb. But in Arabic, there are also complete sentences without verbs.

Category: work
Source: Språkrådet