Arabic for know

3alima
ﻋَﻠِﻢَ
know – past tense he
ya3lamu
ﻳَﻌﻠَﻢُ
know – present tense he

The Arabic verb for know is written ﻋَﻠِﻢَ and pronunced 3alima in its basic form (past tense masculinum singular). In present tense, the verb is written ﻳَﻌﻠَﻢُ and pronounced ya3lamu. See more conjugations

About the audio files
Part of speech: verb. Pattern: verb

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Important letters:
The root of the word know consists of three Arabic letters: ayn that is written and pronounced 3, lam that is written and pronounced l and mim that is written and pronounced m. Words with the same root letters are often related.

Words related to know

All letters in know

ﻋَﻠِﻢَ
ﻋـ
ـﻠـ
ـﻢ
 
ﻋـ
ـﻠـ
ـﻢ
 
ﻋـ
ـﻌـ
ـﻊ
ﻟـ
ـﻠـ
ـﻞ
ﻣـ
ـﻤـ
ـﻢ
 
ayn
3
lam
l
mim
m
 
 
The Arabic word for know consists of: The letter ayn that is written ﻉ ( here ﻋـ ) and pronounced 3 and is a part of the root of the word. The short vowel a that is written as the sign َ above the letter. The letter lam that is written ﻝ ( here ـﻠـ ) and pronounced l and is a part of the root of the word. The short vowel i that is written as the sign ِ under the letter. The letter mim that is written ﻡ ( here ـﻢ ) and pronounced m and is a part of the root of the word. The short vowel a that is written as the sign َ above the letter. Therefore, the word is writen ﻋَﻠِﻢَ and pronounced 3alima.
Arabic is written from right to left. Short vowels are placed above or under the letters, the are usually omitted.
Learn how to write with Arabic letters

The pattern for know

fa3ila becomes 3alima

We have seen that the Arabic word for know is written ﻋَﻠِﻢَ and pronounced 3alima. It follows the pattern verb form 1. All Arabic words with this pattern has the structure fa3ila where f, 3 and l is replaced with the root letters of the word.
Since the pattern is fa3ila and the root letters are 3, l and m, the word becomes 3alima.
All Arabic words with the same pattern follow the same structure. If you know the pattern and root of a word, you can often guess its meaning. Learn more about Arabic word patterns

Words with the same pattern as know

Conjugations of know

past tense
present tense
he
3alima
ﻋَﻠِﻢَ
he - past tense
ya3lamu
ﻳَﻌﻠَﻢُ
he - present tense
she
3alimat
ﻋَﻠِﻤَﺖ
she - past tense
ta3lamu
ﺗَﻌﻠَﻢُ
she - present tense
I
3alimtu
ﻋَﻠِﻤﺖُ
I - past tense
'a3lamu
ﺃَﻋﻠَﻢُ
I - present tense